Apple (Malus Domestica) is a crunchy, sweet, fresh and one of the most popular fruits in the world. It is produced by the apple tree Malus Domestica, being usually roundish in some shade of red, green, or yellow. Nevertheless, its size, shape and acidity may vary according to the climate and tree type.
BENEFITS AND SIGNIFICANCE
Healthy and full of benefits, the apple fruit truly lives up to the adage “an apple a day keeps the doctor away”.
Vitamins C: a powerful natural antioxidant capable of blocking some of the damage caused by free radicals, as well as boosting the body’s resistance against infectious agents.
B-complex vitamins (riboflavin, thiamin, and vitamin B-6): these vitamins are key in maintaining red blood cells and the nervous system in good health. They help as co-factors for enzymes in metabolism as well as in various synthetic functions inside the human body.
High in carbohydrates:
Excellent source of dietary fiber: a diet high in fiber can help prevent the development of certain diseases and may help prevent the amount of bad cholesterol in your blood from rising.
Rich source of polyphenols: Polyphenols may lower the risk for type 2 diabetes, since it may boost insulin sensitivity, as well as slow down the rate the body digests and absorbs sugar.
Apples can be used by different means and purposes. It has a large use, especially in Europe and North America, as pastry filling, sauces and in the production of cider, wine, and brandy.
The fruit can also be used to produce vinegar, jelly, and butter, as well as in beverage industries, as juices, filler, and natural juice sweetener.